Bone and Tissue Grafts
This common surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth again. In addition to flap surgery, Dr. Sperling may suggest bone or tissue grafts. Grafting is a way to replace or encourage new growth of bone destroyed by periodontitis. Different types of bone grafts and membranes currently exist and can be used successfully.
Flap / Osseous Surgery
Surgery might be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment with deep cleaning and medications. A flap surgery may be performed to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to reduce the periodontal pocket and make it easier for the patient, dentist, and hygienist to keep the area clean.
This surgical procedure, in which gum tissue and bone are removed in order to expose more of the tooth structure, is performed in cases where the tooth is fractured, decayed or too short to be restored by a crown (cap).